The information stated below should be used as a guideline to minimize injuries associated with recreation space equipment. However, it is believed that these recommendations, along with the technical information in the ASTM Standards for Public Playgrounds will contribute to greater recreation space safety 메이저놀이터.
What is a Public Recreation space?
A public recreation space refers to one designed to provide by children ages the regular few months through 12 years in commercial child care facilities, institutions, multiple family dwellings, parks, restaurants, resorts and schools.
Information in this article:
General recreation space safety considerations
Recreation space materials and surfacing
Identifying specific recreation space hazards and how to prevent them
Proper steps needed to maintain a recreation space and its’ equipment
The use of platforms, guardrails and protective barriers to minimize unintended falls
There are 7 key factors you should keep in mind when laying out your recreation space:
Accessibility: The surface material needs to allow access to your machine for children with disabilities.
Age Separating: Areas for different age brackets should be separated by a stream zone. This zone will reduce the chance of injury by children of varying activity levels running into each other.
Age group: Different playgrounds are structured for different age brackets. The safety requirements differ with each age group. Keep an eye on the age group that is using the recreation space and buy accordingly.
Conflicting Activities: The recreation space should be organized into sections to prevent injury from overlapping activities. Be sure to place ups and downs and merry-go-rounds toward a corner, side or edge of a play area. Photo slides should not be set a congested area.
Look Lines: Visual barriers should be minimized so that caregivers, parents or supervisors can keep track of children using the recreation space. Benches placed around the outside of the structure allow onlookers a place to sit while they watch they.
Signage and/or Labels: Signs should be provided to give the users guidance regarding age appropriateness of the equipment, as well as how to properly use the equipment.
Administration: Make sure the director knows the basic safety guidelines of the equipment.
When choosing a site for a recreation space, there are a few factors that are important to take into consideration:
Travel patterns to and from the recreation space: Any kind of hazards in terms of how? If so, clear the hazards.
Nearby accessibility hazards (traffic, bodies of water, steep hills, etc. ): Could a child inadvertently or intentionally run into a nearby hazard? If so, provide a strategy to contain children within the recreation space (fence, hedge). Don’t forget that the kennel area or hedge should still allow statement by supervisors.
Sun exposure: Is the sun’s heat sufficient enough to heat metal parts, photo slides, platforms, steps or surfacing enough to burn children? Will users be exposed to sunshine during the most intense perhaps the day? If so, consider positioning it so the bare metal is in the shade. Provide safety measures that the equipment will be hot in the sunlight. Consider shading the recreation space with a shade structure.
Slope and drainage: Will loose fill material wash away in the rain? If so, consider proper drainage to prevent wash outs.
When installing a recreation space, use equipment and hardware approved by the manufacturer. Follow the instructions EXTREMELY carefully or hire a recreation space installer. Don’t forget to keep all materials from the manufacturer and start a meticulous record of all inspections and maintenance. Thoroughly inspect your machine before the first use, including the hardware.
Creosote-treated wood (railroad ties, telephone poles, etc) and coatings that include pesticides should not be used.
Chromated Birdwatcher Arsenate (CCA) was an old chemical that was used to treat wood, including wooden playgrounds. Since 2001, botox cosmetic injections is no longer safe it is known to corrode certain materials faster than others.
Avoid using bare metal for platforms, photo slides or steps. In direct sunlight, bare metal can become extremely hot and cause contact burn injuries. Use plastic protected metal, plastic or wood. Within the recreation space with a shelter is always the best option. When coating existing bare metal or using plastic protected metal, consider:
Manufacturer should ensure that users cannot ingest, breathe or absorb potentially hazardous amounts of preservative chemicals as a result of contact.
All paints should fulfill the CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) regulation for lead paint.
Painted surfaces should be maintained regularly to prevent rust and rust.
Things to check regarding hardware:
All fasteners, connectors and coverings should not be easily-removed without the use of tools.
All exposed hardware should be smooth to the user to prevent lacerations, penetrations, or cloth entanglement hazards.
Hardware in moving joints should be secured against unintentional or unauthorized loosening.
All hardware should be corrosive resistant.
Bearings or bushings used in moving joints should be self-lubricating or easy to lubricate.
All S-hooks and C-hooks should be closed (no gap or space greater than 0. 04″).
A proper recreation space surface is one of the most important factors in reducing injuries that occur when kids fall from equipment. The surface under the recreation space equipment should be soft enough and thick enough to soften the impact of a child’s fall. Turf and dirt are not recommended for surfacing material because of water and natural weathering which can occur at a drastic rate. There are two kinds of surfacing material: unitary and loose-fill.
Unitary materials are generally ASTM tested plastic mats or a pour-in-place energy researching material. These kinds of surfacing options are suitable for toddlers and handicap accessible playgrounds and are usually more expensive than loose-fill materials.
CCA treated wood mulch, stones or dirt are not acceptable forms of loose-fill material.
Loose fill materials will reduce at least 25% over time due to use and weathering so it is a good idea to fill the employment zone and with than the recommended fill level. For example, if the recreation space will require 9 inches wide of wood chips then the initial fill level should be 12 inches wide.
Any material tested to ASTM F1292, including unitary surfaces, engineered wood fiber, etc.
Shredded/recycled plastic mulch
Wood mulch (not CCA-treated)
When choosing recreation space equipment, it is important that you keep in mind what the intended age group will be. Children of different ages and staging of development have different needs and abilities. Playgrounds are designed to encourage a child’s imagination while developing new skills. If you are selecting a recreation space for a school or public park, you should check your state’s guidelines on integrating handicap accessible play structures in the recreation space.
Some equipment is not recommended for public playgrounds including: trampolines, nudists gates, giant strides, climbing ropes that are not secured at both ends, rope ups and downs or heavy metal ups and downs. Equipment such as platforms, stepped platforms, guardrails and barriers, handrails, and ways to access and egress from play equipment have different guidelines for the different age brackets (toddlers, preschool, and school age). It is important to understand that guardrails are not intended for toddlers as it is easy for them to crawl through.
It is easier for a child to climb up than it is for them to climb down. Don’t forget to provide various methods to access and egress from the play structure so different skill levels will sense at ease using the equipment.
There are 6 main sets of recreation space hazards:
Infatuation and Shear Points: Infatuation and shear points can be caused by parts moving relative to each other, as well as to a fixed part, during a normal use cycle, such as with a seesaw. To determine if there is a infatuation or shear point, consider: the likelihood a child could get a body part inside the point and the closing force around the point.
Entanglement and Impalement: Drawstrings on hoods of jackets, sweatshirts, and other chest muscles clothing can become entangled in recreation space equipment, and can cause death by strangulation. To avoid this, remove any ropes, dog leashes, or similar objects attached to recreation space equipment and avoid equipment with ropes that are not secured at both ends. Projections on recreation space equipment should not be able to entangle children’s clothing nor should they be large enough to impale.
Entrapment: Head entrapment can happen feet first or head first. Openings can present an entrapment hazard if the distance between any interior the other surfaces is greater than 3. 5 inches wide and less than 9 inches wide. Children can become entrapped by in part bound openings, such as those formed by two or more recreation space parts. To minimize entrapment hazards of stepped platforms, infill should be used to reduce the space between stepped platforms.
Sharp Points, Corners and Edges: Any sharp edge or point can cause serious lacerations. To avoid the risk of injury make sure that wood parts are smooth and not splintering, all corners are rounded and all metal edges are thrown or have rounded capping.
Hung Hazards: Hung components should be placed away from high traffic areas, vibrant colored and may not loop back on themselves.
Tripping: Playgrounds should be free from any tripping hazards such as rapid changes in degree of lift, anchoring devices and containment walls for loose-fill surfacing.
All recreation space areas should be graded for excessive wear, degeneration and any potential hazards. For each piece of equipment, the frequency of thorough inspections will depend on the type and age of the equipment, the amount of use and the local climate. To help ensure your loose-fill surfacing level stays sufficient and is not displaced, it should be checked frequently and raked back into its proper place if necessary. When examining loose-fill surfacing materials, pay particular awareness of areas under ups and downs and at slide making a profit, pooled water on mulch surfacing and areas of frozen surfacing.
Records of the following should always be use:
Accidents or injuries
Platforms should be generally flat with openings that allow for drainage. A stepped platform must have an access component if the difference between platforms is 12″ for toddlers or 18″ for school-age users. Access to platforms over 6 feet high (except for free standing slides) should provide an intermediate standing surface so your child can temporarily halt and make a decision to keep going or find another way down.
Guardrails and protective barriers are used to minimize the likelihood of unintended falls from elevated platforms, however; protective barriers provide greater protection for children. Guardrails should be tall enough to protect the tallest child from falling excessive and low enough that the smallest child cannot walk under it. Barriers are not needed if it will reduce the intended use of your machine, such as climbing equipment.
Guardrails or protective barriers should be provided on the following:
There are several factors to consider when choosing the perfect recreation space for any outdoor area. The above information are the basic safety regulations to help children travel to and from the recreation space, to identify any potential hazards near your play area and what barriers on the unit will interrupt the line of look of those supervising they at play.